10 Facts About Joan Miró
10 things you should know about Miró.
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Joan Miró i Ferrà was a Spanish painter, ceramist and sculptor. He has mostly been related to the surrealism movement due to his revolutionary concepts and methods that were opposed to the traditional unimaginative paintings that were imposing agenda rather than provoking emotion. Below are 10 facts about Miró.
1) Joan Miró was born on April 20th 1893 in Barcelona, Spain. He attended
Barcelona School of Fine Arts and the Academia Gali. In order to please his parents, Miró also took some classes in business but at the end of the day always knew that art was his calling. In 1979 he received an honorary Doctorate from the University of Barcelona.
2) In 1924 he joined the surrealists in Paris among which were Andre Breton, Pablo Picasso and later on Salvador Dalí. However, later on he preferred not to label himself as a surrealist since he believed that in doing so he was limiting his possibility to experiment.
3) Miró was an artist keen on experimentation. During the Paris Exhibition in 1937 he made a mural for the Spanish Pavilion. His ceramic decorations Wall of the Sun and Wall of the Moon for the UNESCO building in Paris was another instance when he proved to be talented out of the canvas. His sculptures were symbolic of his idea that objects provoke emotions. They were usually crafted out of clay and then bronzed.
4) Together with Max Ernst, Miró was the inventor of the grattage technique, which refers to the practice of scraping paint off the canvas. Later on it became symptomatic for the surrealist movement.
5) His international recognition is testified by the various awards he received: Venice Biennale Grand Prize for Graphic Work (1954), Gold Medal of Fine Arts (1980), Guggenheim International Award (1958).
6) Miró said in an interview that the type of art he likes the most is primitive cave painting. He went on to express his feeling that since that period art has not become better or more innovative.
7) Miró’s World Trade Center Tapestry was exhibited in the World Trade Center and was among the most expensive works of art that were destroyed during the terrorist attacks on September 11th 2001.
His works are among the most expensive ones with prices starting from US $250 000. La Caresse des étoiles is his most expensive work. It was sold in May 2008 for US $17 million.
9) Bird Characters is Miro’s only glass mural and one of his biggest projects. It was designed and crafted especially for the Wichita State University’s Museum of Art. The more than a million pieces of Venetian glass and marble that were needed for the wall were attached to a wooden panel that was connected to the wall via an aluminum grid.
10) Miró was married to Pilar Juncosa and had a daughter. The house in which he died in Palma de Mallorca is a Miró museum at present. Unlike other surrealists, he led a humble and quiet life.